An output is a sink where we wish to send our consumed data after applying an optional array of processors. Only one output is configured at the root of a Redpanda Connect config. However, the output can be a broker which combines multiple outputs under a chosen brokering pattern, or a switch which is used to multiplex against different outputs.

An output config section looks like this:

  label: my_s3_output

    bucket: TODO
    path: '${! meta("kafka_topic") }/${! json("message.id") }.json'

  # Optional list of processing steps
    - mapping: '{"message":this,"meta":{"link_count":this.links.length()}}'

Back pressure

Redpanda Connect outputs apply back pressure to components upstream. This means if your output target starts blocking traffic Redpanda Connect will gracefully stop consuming until the issue is resolved.


When a Redpanda Connect output fails to send a message the error is propagated back up to the input, where depending on the protocol it will either be pushed back to the source as a Noack (e.g. AMQP) or will be reattempted indefinitely with the commit withheld until success (e.g. Kafka).

It’s possible to instead have Redpanda Connect indefinitely retry an output until success with a retry output. Some other outputs, such as the broker, might also retry indefinitely depending on their configuration.

Dead letter queues

It’s possible to create fallback outputs for when an output target fails using a fallback output:

    - aws_sqs:
        url: https://sqs.us-west-2.amazonaws.com/TODO/TODO
        max_in_flight: 20

    - http_client:
        url: http://backup:1234/dlq
        verb: POST

Multiplexing outputs

There are a few different ways of multiplexing in Redpanda Connect, here’s a quick run through:

Interpolation multiplexing

Some output fields support field interpolation, which is a super easy way to multiplex messages based on their contents in situations where you are multiplexing to the same service.

For example, multiplexing against Kafka topics is a common pattern:

    addresses: [ TODO:6379 ]
    topic: ${! meta("target_topic") }

Refer to the field documentation for a given output to see if it support interpolation.

Switch multiplexing

A more advanced form of multiplexing is to route messages to different output configurations based on a query. This is easy with the switch output:

      - check: this.type == "foo"
            urls: [ amqps://guest:guest@localhost:5672/ ]
            target_address: queue:/the_foos

      - check: this.type == "bar"
            project: dealing_with_mike
            topic: mikes_bars

      - output:
            url: tcp://localhost:6379
            stream: everything_else
            - mapping: |
                root = this
                root.type = this.type.not_null() | "unknown"


Outputs have an optional field label that can uniquely identify them in observability data such as metrics and logs. This can be useful when running configs with multiple outputs, otherwise their metrics labels will be generated based on their composition. For more information check out the metrics documentation.